Examples Of Legal Dictionaries

legal dictionary

Legal Term And Law Dictionary

Exclusionary rule Doctrine that says proof obtained in violation of a legal defendant’s constitutional or statutory rights just isn’t admissible at trial. Discharge A launch of a debtor from private liability for certain dischargeable debts.

Translations For Black Law

Pretrial conference A meeting of the judge and attorneys to plan the trial, to debate which issues should be introduced to the jury, to review proposed evidence and witnesses, and to set a trial schedule. Typically, the decide and the events also talk about the potential for settlement of the case. Peremptory problem A district courtroom could grant each side in a civil or legal trial the best to exclude a certain variety of prospective jurors with out cause or giving a purpose. Party in curiosity A party who has standing to be heard by the court docket in a matter to be determined in the chapter case. The debtor, U.S. trustee or bankruptcy administrator, case trustee, and collectors are parties in interest for many matters.

Only the majority opinion can function binding precedent in future cases. Motion in Limine A pretrial movement requesting the court to prohibit the other aspect from presenting, and even referring to, evidence on issues stated to be so highly prejudicial that no steps taken by the decide can prevent the jury from being unduly influenced. Judicial Conference of the United States The coverage-making entity for the federal court system. A 27-decide body whose presiding officer is the Chief Justice of the United States.

Federal question jurisdiction Jurisdiction given to federal courts in circumstances involving the interpretation and application of the U.S. Federal public defender group As provided for in the Criminal Justice Act, a corporation established inside a federal judicial circuit to represent felony defendants who cannot afford an enough defense. Each organization is supervised by a federal public defender appointed by the court of appeals for the circuit. Exemptions, exempt property Certain property owned by an individual debtor that the Bankruptcy Code or relevant state law permits the debtor to keep from unsecured creditors. The availability and quantity of property the debtor may exempt depends on the state the debtor lives in.

Notable exceptions to dischargeability are taxes and pupil loans. A discharge releases a debtor from personal liability for sure money owed known as dischargeable money owed and prevents the collectors owed those money owed from taking any action towards the debtor or the debtor’s property to collect the debts. The discharge additionally prohibits creditors from communicating with the debtor relating to the debt, including through telephone calls, letters, and private contact. Defendant In a civil case, the individual or organization towards whom the plaintiff brings suit; in a legal case, the person accused of the crime.

Chapter 7 trustee A individual appointed in a Chapter 7 case to characterize the pursuits of the bankruptcy property and the collectors. The trustee’s responsibilities include reviewing the debtor’s petition and schedules, liquidating the property of the property, and making distributions to collectors. The trustee can also bring actions against collectors or the debtor to recover property of the chapter estate. Chapter 7 The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code offering for “liquidation,” that’s, the sale of a debtor’s nonexempt property and the distribution of the proceeds to creditors. In order to be eligible for Chapter 7, the debtor should satisfy a “means test.” The court docket will evaluate the debtor’s revenue and expenses to find out if the debtor might proceed under Chapter 7.

The judges who didn’t agree with the majority might write individually in dissenting or concurring opinions to current their views. A dissenting opinion disagrees with the majority opinion because of the reasoning and/or the principles of regulation the bulk used to determine the case. A concurring opinion agrees with the decision of the bulk opinion, but provides additional remark or clarification and even a wholly completely different cause for reaching the identical end result.

Oral argument An opportunity for attorneys to summarize their position earlier than the courtroom and also to answer the judges’ questions. Opinion A judge’s written clarification of the decision of the courtroom. Because a case may be heard by three or extra judges in the court docket of appeals, the opinion in appellate selections can take a number of forms. If all of the judges completely agree on the outcome, one choose will write the opinion for all. If all the judges do not agree, the formal decision will be primarily based upon the view of the majority, and one member of the bulk will write the opinion.